Below you can find a list of surf therapy publications that we are aware of. If you know any other publication in the field of surf therapy please send us an e-mail at


Armitano, C., Clapham, E., Lamont, L., & Audette, J. (2015). Benefits of Surfing for Children with Disabilities: A Pilot Study. Palaestra, 29, 31-34. doi:10.18666/PALAESTRA-2015-V29-I3-6912

Caddick, N., Phoenix, C., & Smith, B. (2015). Collective stories and well-being: Using a dialogical narrative approach to understand peer relationships among combat veterans experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Health Psychology, 20(3), 286-299. doi:10.1177/1359105314566612

Caddick, N., Smith, B., & Phoenix, C. (2015). The Effects of Surfing and the Natural Environment on the Well-Being of Combat Veterans. Qualitative Health Research, 25(1), 76-86. doi:10.1177/1049732314549477

Cavanaugh, L. K., & Rademacher, S. B. (2014). How a SURFing Social Skills Curriculum Can Impact Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of the International Association of Special Education, v15 (Spr 2014), p27-35.

Clapham, E., Lamont, L., Shim, M., & Armitano, C. (2018). A Case Report Illustrating the Implementation of a Therapeutic Surfing Intervention for an Adolescent with Autism. 32.

Clapham, E., Shim, M., & Linda, L. (2017). Surf Therapy for Children With Disabilities: A Four-Year Longitudinal Study. Res. Q. Exerc. Sport, 88(s1), A17-A18.

Clapham, E. D., Armitano, C. N., Lamont, L. S., & Audette, J. G. (2014). The Ocean as a Unique Therapeutic Environment: Developing a Surfing Program. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 85(4), 8-14. doi:10.1080/07303084.2014.884424

Clapham, E. D., Lamont, L. S., Shim, M., Lateef, S., & Armitano, C. N. (2019). Effectiveness of Surf Therapy for Children with Disabilities. Disability and Health Journal. doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.100828

Fleischmann, D., Michalewicz, B., Stedje-Larsen, E., Neff, J., Murphy, J., Browning, K., . . . McLay, R. (2011). Surf Medicine: Surfing as a Means of Therapy for Combat-Related Polytrauma. JPO: Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, 23, 27-29. doi:10.1097/JPO.0b013e3182065316

Godfrey, C., Devine-Wright, H., & Taylor, J. (2015). The positive impact of structured surfing courses on the wellbeing of vulnerable young people.(Professional and research). Community Practitioner, 88(1), 26.

Hignett, A., White, M. P., Pahl, S., Jenkin, R., & Froy, M. L. (2018). Evaluation of a surfing programme designed to increase personal well-being and connectedness to the natural environment among ‘at risk’ young people. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 18(1), 53-69. doi:10.1080/14729679.2017.1326829

Lemarchand, B. (2014). Activité, acteurs et bienfaits du handisurf: Pratique du surf des mers par les personnes handicapées; Practice, particpents and benefit of handisurf: Sea surfing performed by disabled persons. Kinésithérapie, la revue, Vol.14(146), pp.29-33.

Marshall, J., Kelly, P., & Niven, A. (2019). “When I Go There, I Feel Like I Can Be Myself.” Exploring Programme Theory within the Wave Project Surf Therapy Intervention. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(12). doi:10.3390/ijerph16122159

Matos, M., Santos, A., Fauvele, C., Marta, F., Evangelista, E., Ferreira, J., . . . Mattila, M. (2017). Surfing for Social Integration: Mental Health and Well-Being promotion through Surf Therapy among Institutionalized Young People. HSOA Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health Care, 4, 026. doi:10.24966/CMPH-1978/100026

Moore, A. M., Clapham, E. D., & Deeney, T. A. (2018). Parents’ Perspectives on Surf Therapy for Children with Disabilities. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 65(3), 304-317. doi:10.1080/1034912X.2017.1400660

Rogers, C., Mallinson, T., & Peppers, D. (2014). High-Intensity Sports for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression: Feasibility Study of Ocean Therapy With Veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 68(4), 395-404. doi:10.5014/ajot.2014.011221

Stuhl, A., & Porter, H. (2015). Riding the Waves: Therapeutic Surfing to Improve Social Skills for Children with Autism. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 49(3), 253-256.

Walter, K. H., Otis, N. P., Ray, T. N., Glassman, L. H., Michalewicz-Kragh, B., Powell, A. L., & Thomsen, C. J. (2019). Breaking the surface: Psychological outcomes among U.S. active duty service members following a surf therapy program. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 45, 101551. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101551